It is built upon and around five hills,Kathalagh,Potreyn,Terah,Bakrota and Bhangora.Located on the western torrent of the Dhauladhar mountain limit of the Himalayas,it is occupied by snow-capped top.Dalhousie is established between 6,000 and 9,000 feet (2,700 m) up sea level.The optimum time of visitation is in the summer,and the peak hobo season is from May to September.Scottish and Victorian science of architecture is popular in the firms and house of God in the city.
Dalhousie is an entrance to the old Chamba Hill State,now Chamba District of Himachal Pradesh of India.This hilly region is a fund of an old Hindu culture,art,temples,and handiwork potted under the long-running singular dynasty since the mid of the 6th century.Chamba is the boss of this civilization.The pristine capital of this kingdom is Bharmour,that is residence to the Gaddi and Gujjar tribes and also has 84 pristine shrines from the 7th–10th century AD.
Dalhousie is a town in the state of Himachal Pradesh,India developed by the British for their own zest only throughout the colonial times.This hilly area has an Alpine season (altitude is 6000ft to 7500ft) This place was situated in the ancient empire of Chamba and was a remote place with virgin forests when the British first came here.
When the British officers got to know about this pleasant forest of Oak and Deodar pine in a congestion of Alpine beauty,they informed their topmost authorities to pressurize the Chamba state to permit them to retract in 1850 this area and build a settlement here in 1851.
Maharaja Shri Singh was the Ruler of Chamba state at that time,and he knew that it,would not be possible to protest the pressure of the British.So he permits the British to make a settlement there and in return he had an adequate amount lessened from the amount of taxes that the kingdom of Chamba was honoring the British Raj.In 1853 the sanatorium was licensed.The British active forces built a sanatorium for the convalescent British battalion.A British officer,Lt.Colonel Napier who later became known as “lord Napier” was the person who took the main pane in the work to receive this big tract of land.
To cheer the higher authorities Sir Donald McLeod named the new agreement “Dalhousie” after “Lord Dalhousie” who was the chief representative of British rule in India at that time.
The tentative colonial attitude of the British from the taking rulers point of view was evident here as in other parts of India during the British rule.British officer did the arrangement but the laborers for the hard work of building the city came from the hamlets around Dalhousie.The villagers who worked for the British “Sahibs” were very poor and devoid of many basic needs of life.The photographs of ill bushy hill public often in tatters and with bare feet,puffed and cracked,working for the Britishers contrast vividly against the thick well dressed British who wanted to take all available luxury goods of life.The Christian missionaries who came and lived in the settlement commonly did “conditional social work” when it suited them for the cause of spreading their religion.The propagation of the religious activities of their community was much more essential to them than the preservation of traditional hill culture and tradition.
The general viewpoint of the British people who came to Dalhousie during the colonial days was no different The British force and other people of the settlement required supplies.So some traders from the lowland came and established supply stores at Dalhousie and nearby places.In 1895 the first hotel named the Bulls head was built.
In the first half of the twentieth century,a continual flow of tourists from other parts of India begin visiting Dalhousie and more hotels and guest houses were built there.The camp of British regiments was established in Balun. The Balloon has been known as a camp area ever since.In 1868 the sanatorium was established at Balun.
The literate Europeans loved books,so the culture of and keeping books and keeping home libraries came with them to Himachal Pradesh.Drawing room culture,and club culture also came with the Europeans.Modern Indian society in Dalhousie and elsewhere in India has greatly affected by European civilization.Life in “Dalhousie” town in nineteenth and early twentieth centuries give apparent examples of the introduction of western lifestyle amongst noble their sections of Indian society.At that ancient time,Dalhousie was one of the hilliest cities where the acquaintance of western values and lifestyle started influencing the sociable setup.
Introduction To Dalhousie :-
Dalhousie,located in the State of Himachal Pradesh ,India.It is a beautiful hill station.The city founded during the 1850s during the time of British law in India is vested on the Western side of the Dhauladhar Peak of the Himalayas.Dalhousie is the gateway to the Chamba Hill State,which has a wealthy cultural background with history dating back to the 7th Century AD.The governor during that period were great guardians of art and architecture and protected many craftsmen from Northern part of India who took refuge in the city.The art and statues of those craftsmen are still in the present through the bronze pictures and temple architectures that they craved.The city is built on and around five mountains fenced by the charming landscape of the snow capped peaks.One can also visit the Chamba Valley to have a look at the Laxminarayan Temples.
This Chamba valley is also famous for the Minjar Fair,which is held every year in the month of August.Between 1894 and 1910 AD.Some important places to visit in Dalhousie include the Kalatop Khajjiar Trail,seven springs of Satdara,Stream at Punchpula,Jandrighat Palace,and the Chamera Dam Trail.The British build a number of Churches in Dalhousie.Important among them include the St.Johns Church,St.Francis Church,St.Patrick’s Church and the St.Andrew’s Church.